Dry skin can result from pure nutrition, dehydration, decreased blood flow, weather changes, smoking, or simply a normal part of the ageing process. Our skin produces less oil as we age, which naturally results in drier skin.There are a number of infectious diseases that can cause dry skin as well.Athlete's foot is a common cause of dry skin and is discussed later in this chapter.
Soap can also dry your skin. Some soaps are harsher than others, so consider switching to a milder soap if dryness is a persistent problem.
Basic dry skin without redness, cracking, blistering, scaling, or open sores can usually be treated with moisturizing lotion or cream. Applied once daily..or, in the drier climates, twice daily - most moisturizing lotions work quite well.
For persistent dry skin that flakes or develops into thick callus, moisturizing creams or lotions that also have a gentle exfoliating acid may be helpful.
Product labels that use such terms as " for extra dry skin" or "for rough, scaly skin 2 usually contain one or more exfoliating agents. be aware, though, that these ingredients can irritate the skin if used too often, or if used on skin that is not dry and scaling. They can also make the skin more sensitive to the effects of the sun. Some people find that they only need the exfoliating lotion during the winter months or periodically when dry skin builds up.
Unless directed to by your doctor, moisturizing lotions or creams should never be applied between the toes.The skin there can become excessively moist with lotions.This excessive moisture can provide a breeding ground for bacteria and fungus.Dry skin between the toes is most often a sign of athlete's foot or other skin condition and should be treated with medication rather than a moisturizer.